Xiaoyuan Shang

Associate Professor

Xiaoyuan Shang is an Associate Professor with the Social Policy Research Centre. Her research interests are in the areas of social welfare and child protection in China. Her recent research has focused on issues associated with the alleviation of poverty, social services for vulnerable groups including the elderly, disabled people and vulnerable children in China.

In 2001 and 2005, Dr Shang played a central role in leading a research team to conduct two important large-scale investigations on Children in Institutions and Other Forms of Alternative Care in China, and The Needs of HIV/AIDS Affected Children in China, for UNICEF and the MCA. In 2005 to 2009, Dr Shang organized the first national investigation of orphaned children in China.

Dr Shang is a co-author of In Search of Civil Society: Market Reform and Social Change in Contemporary China (Oxford University Press). In 2003 Dr Shang was awarded the Alice Tay Human Rights Award by the Australia-China Council for her significant contribution to improving the understanding of child rights in China. Her work has attracted a great deal of attention to the situation of orphaned children in China, and directly led to two important policy changes:
(1) a policy change from institutional care to foster care for orphaned children in state children’s welfare institutions, and
(2) the establishment of a new social assistance system for orphans in rural China.

Policy change in China – Xiaoyuan Shangs research findings added the issue of social welfare provision to vulnerable children to the policy agenda at the top levels of Chinese government. Chinese President Hu Jintao, and other senior officials (Wen Jiabao, Hui Liangyu, Li Keqiang and Minister of Civil Affairs) have adopted Shang’s research findings in child welfare provision. The policy changes have benefited approximately 730,000 orphans.

Current research projects

  • 2010-2012 Transition to Adulthood of children in the care of the state, (Chief Investigators Xiaoyuan Shang and Karen Fisher).
  • 2009-2011 ARC Linkage project Supporting Older People with Disabilities in China (Chief Investigators Xiaoyuan Shang and Karen Fisher)
  • 2007-10 ARC Linkage, Experiences of families of children with disabilities in China, Partner Plan International – China (Chief Investigators Xiaoyuan Shang and Karen Fisher).
  • 2006-2009 Australia Research Council, Linkage project with University of New South Wales, Save the Children UK, and Beijing Normal University, Developing An Effective System Of Child Protection In China, (Chief Investigators Xiaoyuan Shang and Ilan Katz)
Books
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Howell J; Shang X; Fisher KR, 2018, NGOs and accountability in China – child welfare organisations, Palgrave Macmillan, UK, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-90221-0
2018
Shang X; Fisher K, 2017, Young People Leaving State Care in China, Policy Press, Bristol
2017
Shang X; Fisher KR, 2016, Disability policy in China: Child and Family Experiences, Routledge Contemporary China Series, Routledge, UK
2016
Shang X; Fisher KR, 2014, Caring for Orphaned Children in China, Lexington Books, Lanham, https://rowman.com/ISBN/9780739136942
2014
Shang X, 2013, Experiences of Families with Children with Disabilities in China, 1, Social Sciences Academic Press (China), Beijing
2013
Shang X; Zhang Y, 2011, Establishing an Effective System of Child Protection in China,, 1, Social Sciences Academic Press (China), Beijing
2011
Shang X; Wang X; Tao C, 2010, DISCOVERY REPORT: Emerging Issues and Findings for Child Welfare and Protection in China:2009-2010, Original, China Social Sciences Academic Press, Beijing
2010
Shang X, 2008, A study of the condition of orphans in China, Original, China Social Sciences Academic Press, Beijing
2008
Shang X, 2008, China`s system of social support to vulnerable children, Original, China Social Sciences Academic Press, Beijing
2008
Shang X; Yan QY; Wang S, 2002, The State, society and citizens: changing policies and practices of foster care in China?,, 1, Chinese Social Science Press, Bejing
2002
Shang X; White G, 2002, State Entrepreneurship and community welfare services in urban China, Original, London, London
2002
Book Chapters
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Blaxland M; Shang X; Fisher KR, 2018, 'Women and care in China', in Shaver S (ed.), Handbook of Gender and Social Policy, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, UK, pp. 430 - 447, http://dx.doi.org/10.4337/9781785367168
2018
Shang X; Fisher KR, 2017, 'Self-identity of young people leaving state care', in YOUNG PEOPLE LEAVING STATE CARE IN CHINA, POLICY PRESS, pp. 85 - 114, http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000430662000006&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=891bb5ab6ba270e68a
2017
Shang X; Fisher KR, 2017, 'Social inclusion impact of a childhood in state care', in YOUNG PEOPLE LEAVING STATE CARE IN CHINA, POLICY PRESS, pp. 71 - 83, http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000430662000005&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=891bb5ab6ba270e68a
2017
Shang X; Fisher KR, 2017, 'Housing pathways of young people leaving care', in YOUNG PEOPLE LEAVING STATE CARE IN CHINA, POLICY PRESS, pp. 153 - 183, http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000430662000009&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=891bb5ab6ba270e68a29b250adbe88d1
2017
Shang X; Fisher KR, 2017, 'Growing up in institutional family group care', in YOUNG PEOPLE LEAVING STATE CARE IN CHINA, POLICY PRESS, pp. 207 - 229, http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000430662000011&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=891bb5ab6ba270e68a
2017
2017
Shang X; Fisher KR, 2017, 'Alternative care practices in child welfare institutions', in YOUNG PEOPLE LEAVING STATE CARE IN CHINA, POLICY PRESS, pp. 29 - 53, http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000430662000003&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=891bb5ab6ba270e68a
2017
Fisher KR; Shang X; Blaxland M, 2017, 'Disability and welfare services', in Carillo B; Hood J; Kadeza P (ed.), Handbook of Welfare in China, Edward Elgar, http://dx.doi.org/10.4337/9781783472741
2017
Shang X; Fisher KR, 2017, 'Child maltreatment and prevention practices in Chinese orphanages', in Rus A; Parris S; Stativa E (ed.), Child Maltreatment in Residential Care : History, Research, and Current Practice, Springer, USA, pp. 323 - 336, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57990-0_15
2017
Shang X; Fisher KR, 2017, 'State support for children in informal care', in YOUNG PEOPLE LEAVING STATE CARE IN CHINA, POLICY PRESS, pp. 185 - 205, http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000430662000010&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=891bb5ab6ba270e68a
2017
Shang X; Fisher KR, 2017, 'Social networks and the employment of young people leaving care', in YOUNG PEOPLE LEAVING STATE CARE IN CHINA, POLICY PRESS, pp. 135 - 151, http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000430662000008&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=891bb5ab6ba270e68a
2017
Shang X; Fisher KR, 2017, 'Policy implications for young people leaving care in China', in YOUNG PEOPLE LEAVING STATE CARE IN CHINA, POLICY PRESS, pp. 231 - 239, http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000430662000012&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=891bb5ab6ba270e68a
2017
Fisher KR; Shang X, 2017, 'Young people moving from rural foster care to cities in China', in Soldatic K; Johnson K (ed.), Disability and Rurality: Identity, Gender and Belonging, Ashgate, Farnham, pp. 38 - 52, http://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9781315577340
2017
Shang X; Fisher KR, 2017, 'Economic security of young people leaving care', in YOUNG PEOPLE LEAVING STATE CARE IN CHINA, POLICY PRESS, pp. 115 - 133, http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000430662000007&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=891bb5ab6ba270e68a
2017
Fisher KR; Shang X; Xie J, 2016, 'Global South–North Partnerships: Intercultural Methodologies in Disability Research', in Grech S; Soldatic K (ed.), Disability in the Global South: The Critical Handbook, edn. International Perspectives on Social Policy Administration a, Springer International Publishing, pp. 567 - 582, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-42488-0_36
2016
Li B; Duda M, 2011, 'Life considerations and the housing of rural to urban migrants: The case of Taiyuan', in China's Changing Welfare Mix: Local Perspectives, pp. 151 - 170, http://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9780203832776
2011
Shang X, 2006, 'Disaster relief and child protection', in Tsunami and Disaster Management: Law and Governance, edn. Original, Sweet & Maxwell Asia, Hong Kong, pp. 201 - 214
2006
Shang X, 2002, 'The State, society and citizens: changing policies and practices of foster care in China¿,', in Yan Q; Wang S; Shang X (ed.), The State, society and citizens: changing policies and practices of foster care in China?,, edn. 1, Chinese Social Science Press, Bejing, pp. 52 - 81
2002
Conference Papers
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Shang X; Fisher KAREN, 2016, 'Never become an adult? Support to young people with disabilities in Chinese state care to achieve economic security', in Never become an adult? Support to young people with disabilities in Chinese state care to achieve economic security, the 5th International Conference on Adoption Research, Auckland, New Zealand., presented at the 5th International Conference on Adoption Research, Auckland, New Zealand., 07 January 2016 - 11 January 2016
2016
Shang X, 2011, 'The Challenges of Social Protection in China', in The Challenges of Social Protection in China, Poverty Reduction and Social Protection in the Era of Post-Financial Crisis, Beijing, presented at Poverty Reduction and Social Protection in the Era of Post-Financial Crisis, Beijing, 18 October 2010
2011
Conference Presentations
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Shang X; Fisher K, 2016, 'Everything for the Children: Orphans Growing up in De Facto Adoption Families in China', presented at the 5th International Conference on Adoption Research, Auckland, New Zealand., 07 January 2016 - 11 January 2016, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01488376.2018.1479674
2016
Katz I; Shang X; Yahua Z, 2009, 'Child protection systems in rural China: interagency responses', presented at Chinese Social Policy Workshop, UNSW, 07 July 2009
2009
Katz I; Shang X, 2008, 'Child Protection systems in China', presented at ISPCAN, Hong Kong, 01 September 2008
2008
Journal articles
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Howell J; Fisher KR; Shang X, 2020, 'Accountability and legitimacy of NGOs under authoritarianism: the case of China', Third World Quarterly, vol. 41, pp. 113 - 132, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01436597.2019.1658520
2020
Shang X; Fisher KR, 2019, 'Everything for the Children: Orphans Growing up in Informal Adoptive Families in China', Journal of Social Service Research, vol. 45, pp. 166 - 180, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01488376.2018.1479674
2019
Fisher KR; shang X; Li J, 2015, 'Accountability of children’s services organizations in China', Asian Social Work and Policy Review, vol. 9, pp. 94 - 107, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aswp.12043
2015
Blaxland M; Fisher KR; Shang X, 2015, 'Transitional and Developmental Challenges for Chinese Social Policy', Asian Social Work and Policy Review, vol. 9, pp. 1 - 2, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aswp.12047
2015
Shang X; Li XP, 2015, '永不成年?国家养育的大龄孤儿如何获得经济独立?', Shandong Social Sciences, pp. 49 - 56
2015
Shang X; Katz I, 2015, 'Awareness of Child Maltreatment among Professionals in Shanghai', Asian Social Work and Policy Review, vol. 9, pp. 245 - 256, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aswp.12062
2015
Wang X; Zhou L; Shang X, 2015, 'Child Poverty in Rural China: Multidimensional Perspective', Asian Social Work and Policy Review, vol. 9, pp. 109 - 124, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aswp.12050
2015
Blaxland M; Shang X; Fisher KR, 2014, 'People Oriented: a New Stage of Social Welfare Development in China', Journal of Social Service Research, vol. 40, pp. 508 - 519, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01488376.2014.923801
2014
Wang X; Xu L; Shang X, 2014, 'China's Pro-Poor Growth: Measurement and Implications', Journal of Social Service Research, vol. 40, pp. 520 - 529, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01488376.2014.922523
2014
Fisher KR; Shang XS, 2014, 'Protecting the right to life of children with disabilities in China', Journal of Social Service Research, vol. 40, pp. 560 - 572, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01488376.2014.922521
2014
Shang X; Katz I, 2014, 'Missing Elements in the Protection of Children: Three Cases from China', Journal of Social Service Research, vol. 40, pp. 545 - 559, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01488376.2014.922522
2014
Shang X; Fisher KR, 2014, 'Social support for mothers of children with disabilities in China', Journal of Social Service Research, vol. 40, pp. 1 - 14, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01488376.2014.896849
2014
Shang X, 2012, 'Looking for best practice in caring for disabled children: a case of socialized foster care in China', Asia Pacific Journal of Social Work and Development, vol. 22, pp. 127 - 138, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02185385.2012.681151
2012
Shang X; Saldov M; Fisher KR, 2011, 'Informal kinship care of orphans in rural China', Social Policy and Society, vol. 10, pp. 103 - 116, http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1474746410000436
2011
Shang X; Gleeson R, 2011, 'Some Useful Sources on Chinese Social Policy', Social Policy and Society, vol. 10, pp. 117 - 121
2011
Fisher KR; Shang X; Blaxland M, 2011, 'Review Article: human rights based social policies challenges for China', Social Policy and Society, vol. 10, pp. 71 - 77, http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1474746410000400
2011
Shang X; Fisher KR; Xie J, 2011, 'Discrimination against children with disability in China', International Journal of Social Welfare, vol. 20, pp. 298 - 308, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2397.2009.00666.x
2011
Wang X; Shang X; Xu L, 2011, 'Subjective well-being poverty of the elderly population in China', Social Policy and Administration, vol. 45, pp. 714 - 731, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9515.2011.00804.x
2011
Shang X; Gleeson R, 2010, 'Some Useful Sources on Chinese Social Policy', Social Policy and Society, vol. 10, pp. 117 - 121, http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1474746410000448
2010
Wang X; Xu L; Shang X; Ping G, 2010, 'Extra costs for urban older people with disabilities in Northern China', Social Policy and Society, vol. 10, pp. 79 - 91, http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1474746410000412
2010
Katz I; Shang X; Zhang Y, 2010, 'Missing elements of a child protection system in China: the case of LX', Social Policy and Society, vol. 10, pp. 93 - 102, http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1474746410000424
2010
Shang X, 2009, 'Supporting HIV/AIDS affected families and children: The case of four Chinese counties', International Journal of Social Welfare, vol. 18, pp. 202 - 212, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2397.2008.00595.x
2009
Shang X; Tao C, 2009, '‘The Premise of China’s Children Welfare System and its Problems’,“中国儿童福利制度的权利基础及其限度”', Journal of Tsinghua University (Philosophy and Social Science), vol. 2009, pp. 143 - 150
2009
Shang X; Li Z, 2009, '‘Caring for Older People in Rural China’,Journal of Population and Development', 山西农村老年照料的个案研究', Journal of Population and Development, vol. 2009, pp. 95 - 102
2009
Shang X, 2008, 'The role of extended families in childcare and protection: The case of rural China', International Journal of Social Welfare, vol. 17, pp. 204 - 215, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2397.2007.00531.x
2008
Saunders PG; Shang X, 2007, 'Using budget standards to estimate the costs of children: the case of Funan County', Journal of Family Studies, vol. 13, pp. 57 - 71, http://dx.doi.org/10.5172/jfs.327.13.1.57
2007
Shang X, 2007, 'The role of extended families in child care and protection: the case of rural China', International Journal of Social Welfare, vol. 16, pp. 1 - 12
2007
Shang X; Wu X; Wu Y, 2005, 'Welfare provision for vulnerable children: the missing role of the state', China Quarterly, vol. 181, pp. 122 - 136
2005
Shang X; Zhengang L, 2005, '¿Ertong de Fuyu Chengben: Anhui Sheng Funan Xian Nongcun Ertong Fuyu Chengben Yanjiu¿, (Costs of Children: the Case of Funan Rural Family, Anhui Province)', Youth Studies, vol. 9, pp. 1 - 10
2005
Shang X; Wu X; Li H, 2005, '¿Shehui Zhengce, Shehui Xingbie he Zhongguo de Ertong Yiqi Wenti¿ (Social Policy, Gender and Child Abandonment in China)', Youth Studies, vol. 4, pp. 1 - 10
2005
Shang X; Wu X, 2004, 'Changing approaches of social protection: Social assistance reform in urban China', Social Policy and Society, vol. 3, pp. 259 - 271
2004
Shang X; Wu X, 2003, 'The changing role of the state in child protection the case of Nanchang', Social Service Review, vol. 77, pp. 523 - 540, http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/378327
2003
Shang X; Wu X, 2003, 'Under the influence of Confucianism and Communism', Journal of Social Policy, vol. 32, pp. 549 - 570
2003
Shang X, 2002, 'Looking for a better way to care for children: cooperation between the state and civil society.', Social Service Review, vol. 76, pp. 203 - 228
2002
Saunders P; Shang X, 2001, 'Social security reform in China's transition to a market economy', Social Policy and Administration, vol. 35, pp. 274 - 289, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1467-9515.00233
2001
Shang X, 2001, 'Moving Towards a Multi-Level and Mult-pillar System: Changes in Institutional Care in Two Chinese Cities', Social Philosophy and Policy, pp. 259 - 280
2001
Saunders PG; Shang X, 2001, 'Social Security Reform in China`s Transition to a Market Economy', Social Policy and Administration, pp. 275 - 289
2001
Shang X, 2000, 'Bridging the Gap between Planned and Market Economies: employment policies for people with disabilities in two Chinese cities', Disability and Society, vol. 15, pp. 135 - 156
2000
Reports
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Li B; Shang X; Cui Y; Blaxland M, 2020, Migration, urbanisation, climate change and children in China—issues from child rights perspective, UNSW Social Policy Research Centre, Sydney, http://dx.doi.org/10.26190/5ea7aa6432d2c
2020
Shang X; Zhang Y, 2011, Establishing an Effective System of child Protection in China, social sciences academic press (China), Beijing, Establishing an Effective System of child Protection in China
2011
Working Papers
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Shang X; Wang X, 2012, Discovery Report: Emerging Issues and Findings for Child Welfare and Protection in China: 2012, Social Sciences Academic Press iChinaj, Beijing, Discovery Report: Emerging Issues and Findings for Child Welfare and Protection in China: 2012, http://dx.doi.org
2012
Shang X; Wang X, 2011, Discovery report: emerging issues and findings for child welfare and protection in China (2011), social sciences academic press (China), Beijing, Discovery report: emerging issues and findings for child welfare and protection in China (2011), http://dx.doi.org
2011

Social welfare and child protection in China, issues associated with the alleviation of poverty, social services for vulnerable groups including the elderly, disabled people and vulnerable children in China.