Carolien van Ham

Senior Lecturer
Adjunct Senior Lecturer

I am a Senior Lecturer in Comparative Politics at the School of Social Sciences at UNSW and an ARC Discovery Early Career Research Award recipient. My research interests are: democratization and authoritarianism, election integrity and electoral fraud, and political representation and legitimacy.

I have recently finalised / am currently working on the following research projects: 

  • ARC DECRA project 2015-2017 Getting elections right? Electoral reform in democracies & autocracies. Project investigates: (a) why and under what conditions electoral reform in electoral democracies and electoral autocracies is successful; (b) how election integrity can be effectively strengthened; and (c) how election integrity affects democratization. This project involves mixed-method research using large-N quantitative analyses as well as qualitative country-case studies. The research project is connected to the Electoral Integrity Project at Sydney University and the Varieties of Democracy Project at Gothenburg University. 
  • ANDS project 2016-2017 Data on Elections, Democracy and Autocracy (DEDA). Website hosted at UNSW mapping quantitative datasets on Elections, Democracy and Autocracy. Website: (a) enables sharing of data on these topics; (b) provides a macro data guide to other important datasets in this field accompanied by syntax to merge datasets to enable easy use; (c) aims to provide online data visualisation tools that would allow researchers and the general public to carry out simple data analyses online. Data on Peace & Conflict and Human Rights has been added in 2nd stage of project.
  • Electoral Management Research Network 2016-ongoing. Improving Electoral Management: The Organisational Determinants of Electoral Integrity, with T. James, H. Garnett and L. Loeber, University of East Anglia and McGill University. First phase of the project is to collect data on EMB organizational structure and personnel through two surveys set out among EMBs in 30 European countries with support from the Venice Commission. Surveys currently in the field, phase 1 to be completed in April 2017, and results collated in a series of journal articles as a special issue. Phase 2 consists of setting up the Electoral Management Research Network, bringing together European and international scholars in this field to strengthen collaboration and dissemination of research. Funding from University of East Anglia, EIP project and UNSW.

 

 

Publications

Books
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van Ham CT; Thomassen JJ A; Aarts K; Andeweg RB, (eds.), 2017, Myth and Reality of the Legitimacy Crisis: Explaining Trends and Cross-National Differences in Established Democracies., Oxford University Press
2017
Thomassen J; van Ham C; Andeweg R, 2014, De wankele democratie. Heeft de democratie zijn beste tijd gehad? (In Dutch, translated title: Unstable Democracy. Has democracy had its day?), Prometheus/Bert Bakker, Amsterdam, http://webwinkel.uitgeverijprometheus.nl/book/jacques-thomassen
2014
Aparicio Gómez R; van Ham C; Fernández M; Tornos A, 2005, Marroquíes en España. (In Spanish, translated: Moroccans in Spain), Universidad Pontificia Comillas. Col. Sociedad, Cultura, Migraciones, Madrid
2005
Aparicio Gómez R; Tornos Cubillo A; Gómez Sota F; van Ham C, 2003, Inmigrantes y vivienda en la Comunidad Valenciana., CEIM. Fund. Com. Valenciana., Valencia
2003
Book Chapters
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Bright D; van Ham C, 2019, 'Australia: Organised Crime, Donations And Political Assassinations', in Allum F; Gilmour S (ed.), The Handbook of Organized Crime and Politics, Edward Elgar Publishing, http://dx.doi.org/10.4337/9781786434579
2019
van Ham C; Lindberg SI, 2018, 'Elections: The Power of Elections in Multiparty Africa', in Cheeseman N (ed.), Institutions and Democracy in Africa: How the rules of the game shape political developments, Cambridge University Press, http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/9781316562888.009
2018
Thomassen J; Andeweg R; van Ham C, 2017, 'Political trust and the decline of legitimacy debate: A theoretical and empirical investigation into their interrelationship', in Zmerli S; VanDerMeer TWG (ed.), Handbook on Political Trust, EDWARD ELGAR PUBLISHING LTD, pp. 509 - 525
2017
van Ham C; Aarts K; Thomassen J, 2017, 'Modernization, Globalization and Satisfaction with Democracy', in van Ham C; Thommasen J; Aarts K; Andeweg R (ed.), Myth and Reality of the Legitimacy Crisis: Explaining Trends and Cross-National Differences in Established Democracies, Oxford University Press, http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oso/9780198793717.001.0001
2017
van Ham C; Thomassen J, 2017, 'The myth of legitimacy decline. An empirical evaluation of trends in political support in established democracies', in van Ham C; Thomassen J; Aarts K; Andeweg R (ed.), Myth and Reality of the Legitimacy Crisis: Explaining Trends and Cross-National Differences in Established Democracies, Oxford University Press
2017
Thomassen J; van Ham C, 2017, 'A legitimacy crisis of representative democracy?', in van Ham C; Thomassen J; Aarts K; Andeweg R (ed.), Myth and Reality of the Legitimacy Crisis: Explaining Trends and Cross-National Differences in Established Democracies., Oxford University Press
2017
Thomassen JJA; Andeweg RB; van Ham C, 2017, 'Political Trust and the Decline of Legitimacy Debate', in Zmerli S; van der Meer T (ed.), The Handbook on Political Trust, Edward Elgar, pp. 509 - 525
2017
Aarts K; Thomassen J; van Ham C, 2014, 'Globalization, representation, and attitudes towards democracy.', in Thomassen J (ed.), Elections and Democracy : Representation and Accountability., Oxford University Press, http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716334.003.0011
2014
van Ham C; Smets K, 2014, 'Meta-analysis: Why do citizens vote (or abstain) in national elections?', in SAGE Research Methods Cases, SAGE Publications, Ltd., London, http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/978144627305014529528
2014
Gemenis K; van Ham C, 2014, 'Comparing methods for estimating parties' positions in Voting Advice Applications.', in Marschall S; Garzia D (ed.), Matching Voters with Parties and Candidates., ECPR Press, pp. 33 - 48, http://press.ecpr.eu/book_details.asp?bookTitleID=104
2014
Franklin M; van Ham C, 2011, 'Electoral Turnout. Badle, B., Bergschlosser, D. and Morlino, L. (eds.) SAGE.', in Badle B; Bergschlosser D; Morlino L (ed.), The International Encyclopedia of Political Science, SAGE Publishers, Ltd. London
2011
van Ham C; Smets K, 2009, 'The European Parliament Elections in the Netherlands', in The 2009 European Parliament Elections, European University Institute, Florence
2009
Journal articles
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James TS; Garnett HA; Loeber L; van Ham C, 2019, 'Electoral management and the organisational determinants of electoral integrity: Introduction', International Political Science Review, vol. 40, pp. 295 - 312, http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0192512119828206
2019
van Ham C; Garnett HA, 2019, 'Building impartial electoral management? Institutional design, independence and electoral integrity', International Political Science Review, vol. 40, pp. 313 - 334, http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0192512119834573
2019
van Ham CT; Seim B, 2018, 'Strong States, Weak Elections? How State Capacity in Authoritarian Regimes Conditions the Democratizing Power of Elections', International Political Science Review, vol. 39, pp. 49 - 66, http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0192512117697544
2018
van Ham CT; Chappell L, 2017, 'Democracy and Human Rights: A Tripartite Conceptual Framework', Australian Journal of Human Rights, vol. 23, pp. 143 - 167, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1323238X.2017.1371927
2017
van Ham C; Hill L, 2017, 'Vanguard or laggard? Democracy and human rights in Australia', Australian Journal of Human Rights, vol. 23, pp. 139 - 142, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1323238X.2017.1371404
2017
Birch S; van Ham C, 2016, 'Getting away with foul play? The Importance of Formal and Informal Oversight Institutions for Electoral Integrity.', European Journal of Political Research, vol. 56, pp. 487 - 511, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1475-6765.12189
2016
van Ham CT; Lindberg SI, 2015, 'From Sticks to Carrots: Electoral Manipulation in Africa, 1986–2012', Government and Opposition: an international journal of comparative politics, vol. 50, pp. 521 - 548, http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/gov.2015.6
2015
Martinez i Coma F; Van Ham C, 2015, 'Can experts judge elections? Testing the validity of expert judgments for measuring election integrity', European Journal of Political Research, vol. 54, pp. 305 - 325, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1475-6765.12084
2015
van Ham CT; Lindberg SI, 2015, 'When Guardians Matter Most: Exploring The Conditions Under Which Electoral Management Body Institutional Design Affects Election Integrity.', Irish Political Studies, vol. 30, pp. 454 - 481, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07907184.2015.1099097
2015
Bader M; Van Ham C, 2015, 'What explains regional variation in election fraud? Evidence from Russia: A research note', Post-Soviet Affairs, vol. 31, pp. 514 - 528, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1060586X.2014.969023
2015
van Ham C, 2015, 'Getting elections right? Measuring electoral integrity', Democratization, vol. 22, pp. 714 - 737, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13510347.2013.877447
2015
Thomassen J; van Ham C, 2014, 'Failing Political Representation or a Change in Kind? Models of Representation and Empirical Trends in Europe', West European Politics, vol. 37, pp. 400 - 419, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01402382.2014.887881
2014
Smets K; van Ham C, 2013, 'The embarrassment of riches? A meta-analysis of individual-level research on voter turnout', Electoral Studies, vol. 32, pp. 344 - 359, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.electstud.2012.12.006
2013
Van Ham C, 2008, 'Controlling governments? New perspectives on accountability', European Political Science, vol. 7, pp. 483 - 486, http://dx.doi.org/10.1057/eps.2008.38
2008
Theses / Dissertations
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van Ham C, 2012, Beyond Electoralism? Electoral fraud in third wave regimes 1974-2009, European University Institute, Florence: EUI
2012