Andrew Koh

Postgraduate Research Student

Thesis Title

The philosophy and practice of shen 神 in Traditional Chinese Medicine as expressed in the Huangdi neijing 黃帝內經



The idea of shen 神 is today conflated with mental and emotional health in TCM textbooks and practice, and traced its roots to the ancient foundational text, the Huangdi neijing 黄帝内经. I examine shen 神 in the said text and juxtapose it with the way TCM practitioner enact or not, in their practice today. To do so, I shadowed a few practitioners and followed up with semi-structured interviews.